英语作文语言技能-全文结构

发布时间:2020-06-26 12:50:26
作者:烨华

英语

语言技能全文结构

作文的基本格式一般为:(1)引言段(Introduction),(2)正文段(Body)和(3)结尾段(Conclusion)。此节将以四级考试写作题型为框架,扼要地介绍各种题型的引言段、正文段和结尾段的结构和基本特点。

一、引言段

引言段用于确定文章的讨论范围并揭示文章主题,交代文章的写作目的。这一段往往用来表明作者的观点或看法,但要注意不应对主题深入讨论或阐述,否则后面的正文论述就会显得罗嗦。各类作文引言段示例:

1. 主题句作文

The Role of Computers

The computer is a great invention of this century. Ever since the first computer was brought into being, this invention has greatly changed our ways of working and living. Without computers, a lot of things would become impossible. The world would not be what it is today.

2. 提纲作文

On Choosing Career

(1) 有些人认为家长有责任为孩子计划将来的职业;

(2) 孩子们认为应该由自己决定将来从事的工作;

(3) 谈谈你的看法。

Generally parents consider it their responsibility planning careers for their children. They claim that they know their children well enough to decide what kind of jobs suits them. Hoping that their children will go in for professions that will bring them prestige and money, many parents think that their children are too young and inexperienced to see this themselves. For these reasons, many parents insist that their children should obey them in choosing careers.

3. 图表作文

Commercial

14% Industry

Residential 41%

19%

Transportation

26%

U.S ENERGY USE

Energy Use in the U.S.A.

The pie chart shows the energy use in the United States. From the pie chart, we can have an overall understanding of the situation of energy use in the United States.

4. 看图作文

Three Monks

Having had a hot quarrel about who should go to fetch water, the three monks dropped the barrel and the pole, and sat down on the floor of the old temple, with their backs to each other and no intention to move.

5. 关键词作文

City and Countryside

Key Words: similarities, differences, environment, education, transportation, entertainment, colorful, boring, narrow the gap, public health services

Although there are some similarities between the city and the countryside, there still exist great differences between them in the following fields.

6. 标题作文

Importance of English Writing Ability

In social communication, English writing ability has become more and more important. Scientists have to write their discoveries in English for publication. Sometimes students are required to write a course paper or a composition in English to show what they have learned. Other people need to write an English letter for business or personal matters to someone in a foreign country. So English writing ability is necessary for us now.

7. 书信短文

A Letter of Invitation

Dear Mr. Higgins,

We have pleasure in inviting you to our annual conference. This year it will be taking place at the Metropolis Hotel, Brighton from 24 to 28 July.

二、正文段

正文段是文章的主体,用于对文章的主题进行论证和阐述。正文段可以是一段或几段,在四级考试中,正文段则一般以一至两段为宜,但无论几段,正文段都必须围绕主题展开。各类作文正文段示例:

1. 主题句作文

The Role of Computers

Computers serve us everywhere. High up in space and down deep in ocean, they are used to make courageous explorations. On farms and in factories, they help us do tiring and difficult work. They take over our routine work in office and at home. There is a clear tendency indicating that they will play a more and more important role in our work and everyday life.

2. 提纲作文

On Choosing Career

(1) 有些人认为家长有责任为孩子计划将来的职业;

(2) 孩子们认为应该由自己决定将来从事的工作;

(3) 谈谈你的看法。

But many children suggest that they should have their freedom to choose their careers. For one thing, parents and their children may not share the same interests. A job that appeals to parents is not necessarily appealing to their children. For another, children as they are in their parents’ eyes, they are grown ups when it comes to finding a job, and therefore, they should be allowed to develop independence and self-reliance. In short, children should be left free to make their own decisions about their future careers.

3. 图表作文

The Energy Use in the U.S.A.

From the pie chart, we can see clearly that the American energy consumption is divided into four major parts, namely, residential, industry, commercial and transportation. Industry consumes the largest portion, accounting for 41%. Transportation ranks the second, making up 26%, while the commercial use and residential use are 14% and 19% respectively.

4. 看图作文

Three Monks

In fact, with a barrel, every individual can fetch water. Two monks can fetch water with even easier shared efforts. But with three monks, it’s hard to fetch water because only two of them are enough and a third one is spared, while each one wants to be the third one, which makes things difficult. As a result, with their energy saved, they would go thirsty.

5. 关键词作文

City and Countryside

Key Words: similarities, differences, environment, education, transportation, entertainment, colorful, boring, narrow the gap, public health services

Generally speaking, the environment is better in the countryside. It’s quieter and cleaner, and the air is fresher than that in the city. On the other hand, people in the city can get better education, more entertainment, and free public health services. In addition, transportation in the city is more convenient than in the countryside.

6. 标题作文

Importance of English Writing Ability

I think there are several ways by which we can improve our writing in English. One is that we should read more. We can read English newspapers, magazines, and textbooks, and copy the useful sentences and phrases. Second, we should write more, writing to our friends in English and writing articles in English to publish. We can also keep a diary in English.

7. 书信短文

A Letter of Invitation

Last year you gave a very interesting presentation on the subject of “ Purchasing High Technology”. We would be very grateful if you would consider giving us an update on this.

三、 结尾段

结尾段通常比较简洁,简述经过论证后的结论, 使读者对文章主旨有一个完整的认识, 加深读者的印象, 做到首尾呼应。 注意不要在结论段里提出新的问题或话题,但可以提出期望,也可以展望未来。各类作文结尾段示例:

1. 主题句作文

The Role of Computers

Computers also cause trouble. For example, the whole system will break down when only an individual computer goes wrong. It is possible somebody breaks into a computer system to steal secret information. What’s more, computers have created lots of young fans that get so addicted to video games that their study as well as health is unfavorably affected.

2. 提纲作文

On Choosing Career

(1) 有些人认为家长有责任为孩子计划将来的职业;

(2) 孩子们认为应该由自己决定将来从事的工作;

(3) 谈谈你的看法。

In my opinion, mutual understanding is important in this case. On one hand, parents’ views do reflect their concern for the well-being of their children. On the other hand, it is the children who will be doing the jobs, not the parents. Therefore, it is wise of parents to give their children freedom to make their own choices and it is also wise of children to consult their parents when making decisions.

3. 图表作文

The Energy Use in the U.S.A.

By studying the chart, we have got a basic understanding of the situation of energy use in the United States, so that we are now acquainted with the sector in American life that consumes the greatest amount of energy.

4. 看图作文

Three Monks

The story is simple, but we can learn a lot from it. Selfishness is such an evil good-for-nothing that it can turn everybody’s responsibility into nobody’s responsibility. To achieve accomplishments, we need teamwork and selfless contribution.

5. 关键词作文

City and Countryside

Key Words: similarities, differences, environment, education, transportation, entertainment, colorful, boring, narrow the gap, public health services

To sum up, life in the city is more colorful, while life in the countryside is more boring. Now, people are working hard to reduce the gap.

6. 标题作文

Importance of English Writing Ability

In a word, more and more importance is being attached to English writing ability; therefore, we must spend more time improving our writing skills. So long as we practice writing and write something for real purposes, we will be able to perfect our writing ability in English.

7. 书信作文

A Letter of Invitation

We would appreciate it if you could confirm your participation at your earliest convenience.

Yours sincerely

P Matthews

Conference Organizer

作文 结构 英语


轩越
2020-07-26

写好中考英语作文五大秘诀

柏轩
2020-07-23

八年级下册英语作文范文:中国梦

川峰
2020-07-20

中国人学英语方法不对

珹耀
2020-07-17

中考英语作文:书信

锐天
2020-07-14

中考英语作文范文(书信)

朝波
2020-07-11

英语电子邮件:手机坏了

昆勤
2020-07-08

中考英语作文范文:寻物记事

伟泽
2020-07-05

我是怎样为上大学提供经费的?

渊荣
2020-07-02

2020年高考英语作文全攻略

皓景
2020-06-26

中考英语作文范文:地震无情,人有情


网友推荐
  • 2020-06-18

    背景资料客家土楼是东方文明的一颗明珠,是世界上独一无二的神话般的山村民居建筑,是中国古建筑的一朵奇葩,它以历史悠久、风格独特、规模宏大、结构精巧等特点独立于世界

  • 我们的友谊,没有惊天地、泣鬼神的大事件拼成的华丽画卷,只有生活中点滴小事编织的朴素的写意画。怎么写一篇朋友的性格的英语呢?下面是第一范文网小编给大家精心挑选的小

  • 谈到写作,无论是中文还是英文,都是令很多学生感到困难的一件事,下面,是第一范文网小编为你整理的提高初中英语写作方法,希望对你有帮助!一、找到学生写作中存在的问题

  • 在高考中,很多考生写时都是要先想好中文内容再来翻译成英文。这看起来并没有什么不对的地方,因为一般考生的水平都达不到直接用英文来思考的程度。但差别在于英文很好的人

  • 中考英语的写作是经过英语单词、语法句型的结合而成的,你知道今年的英语怎么写吗的?下面是第一范文网小编给大家精心挑选的长沙中考英语作文预测,希望大家喜欢!供你参考

  • XX年湖北)明天(星期五)全班同学将去参观科学博物馆(theScienceMuseum),由你(班长)通知全体同学。(通知的开头和结尾已给出)内容如下:1.早上

  • 书面表达是对学生在初中阶段英语学习的综合考查,涉及篇章结构、句子构成、短语使用和单词拼写等多方面内容,以下就中考书面表达的写作方法和注意事项进行指导:一、认真审

  • 生活在社区里的孩子们生活单调:几乎不认识周围的邻居,没有兄弟姐妹。社区负责人黄叔叔注意到这个问题,于是向大家征集解决问题的建设性意见。假如你是LiPing,请你

  • 全文号码:签约日期:买方:卖方:本合同由买卖双方缔结,用中、英文字写成,两种文体具有同等效力,按照下述条款,卖方同意售出买方同意购进以下商品:第一部分1.商品名

  • 英文里有句:多写首先要多练习写考研英语写作真题。只有练习真题才能对于出题思路和题目构成有清晰完整的了解。在练习写作的时候要注意在规定时间内完成。在有时间限制的压

相关阅读
中考英语作文拿高分的技巧分享

《中考考试说明》指出,书面表达要切中题意。怎样才能切中题意?就是要认真审题,看到考题后,先不要急于动笔,要仔细看清题目要求的内容。在自己的头脑中构思出一个框架或

初三英语作文范文:保持快乐的心境

有一位禅师非常喜爱兰花,在平日弘法讲经之余,心费了许多的时间栽种兰花。有一天,他要外出云游一段时间,临行前交待弟子:要好好照顾寺里的兰花。在这段期间,弟子们总是

教你一招:新四级简答题答法全解(二)

第三步简练作答。在基本确定了每道题的回答内容之后,就要用简练、准确的英语表达出来。在归纳、组织答案时要注意以下几点:1.答案要与提问的方式保持一致。如用who提

高一英语作文常用高级词汇

听、说、读、写既是学习英语的四种基本手段也是英语学习者的四项基本技能,其中写作是最为关键的输出部分,并且在高中英语教学中越来越受到重视。下面,是第一范文网小编为

中考英语满分作文我爱我的家

根据中文意思和英文提示词语,写出意思连贯、符合逻辑的英文文段。所给的英文提示词语必须都用上;中文提示内容不必逐句翻译;根据英文提示,每组所写出的句数不限。(共1

缓解压力的英语作文

下面是由语文迷网为大家提供的英语:HowtoReduceStress,希望对你有帮助。1.现代社会人们的压力与日俱增;2.压力太大的危害;3.减少压力的办法。[

高考英语作文高分技巧大全

英语,是指用英语针对某一内容写出一篇文章,是英语考试最常见的一种题目类型,一起来看看高考英语作文高分技巧,仅供大家参考!谢谢!1写作话题每年高考在即,会出现许多

关于英语角的英语作文400字

它是一个美丽的星期天。我们的老师告诉我们,人民公园门口附近,将会有一个英语角。我开始在早餐后不久。这已经是9:20,当我到了那里。我的喜悦,英语角,刚上了几分钟

关于志愿者的英语作文范文精选

志愿者(Volunteer),联合国定义为“自愿进行社会公共利益服务而不获取任何利益、金钱、名利的活动者”,具体指在不为任何物质报酬的情况下,能够主动承担社会责

比较短的高中英语作文

英语有长和短的,你知道短的英语作文怎么写吗?下面是第一范文网小编给大家精心挑选的比较短的高中英语作文,希望大家喜欢!供你参考和阅读!儿童节是那是在第二次世界大战